The State of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on November 1, 1956. The present Madhya Pradesh was created after a new Chhattisgarh State was carved out of it on November 1, 2000. Being centrally located, Madhya Pradesh is referred to as ‘Heartland of India’.
Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state in size with an area of 308,000 sq. kms and occupies 9.38% of the country's area. The population of Madhya Pradesh is over 7.7 crore. With Gross State Domestic Product of Rs. 6.45 lakh crore, the State is one of the fastest growing states in India.
More than 75% of the population resides in villages whose main occupation is agriculture, while the rest of the population lives in towns. The majority population is Hindu with Muslims making up the largest minority community. The tribes of Madhya Pradesh constitute over 20% of the state's population and are mainly concentrated in southern, southwestern and eastern parts of the state.
|Population (Census 2011)||72627 (In Thousand)|
|Male||37612 (In Thousand)|
|Female||35015 (In Thousand)|
|Scheduled Tribes (Census 2011)||35015 (In Thousand)|
|Scheduled Castes (Census 2011)||11317 (In Thousand)|
|Area (in sq. kms.)||308,000|
Madhya Pradesh, is also the second richest state in terms of its mineral resources. Primarily, it is an agrarian economy. Industrial development is concentrated in the districts like Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior and Jabalpur. A large part of the mineral production of India is contributed by Madhya Pradesh. Big reserves of Manganese and iron ore deposits are found here. The state also produces about 45% of Bauxite in India. The State also has rich reserves of coal in the northeastern and Satpura regions. The state has the distinction of being the only diamonds producing state in India, with mines in Panna district.
Madhya Pradesh has rich forests. It is the State with largest forest area i.e. 94,689 Sq. Kms which is over 30% of the State’s total area and 12.38% of India’s forest area. The abundantly found trees include Teak, Sal, Bamboo and Tendu. State has 25 Sanctuaries, 10 National Parks including 6 Project Tiger Reserves.
Madhya Pradesh is also a major tourism destination. Numerous monuments of historical, archaeological, architectural and pilgrimage importance dot the state. The forests are teeming with all kinds of wildlife. Because of its central location and easy accessibility, tourism is becoming a major attraction.